Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue caused by the buildup of plaque around the roots of the teeth. Bacteria in plaque produce toxins that lead to inflammation of the gums. Symptoms of gum disease include chronic bad breath, swollen or tender gums, changes in bite, and loose teeth. Gum disease begins as gingivitis; patients with gingivitis have inflammation of the gums, but the infection has not yet affected the tissue and bone that support the teeth. If left untreated, gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. Patients with periodontitis have advanced gum disease that has spread to the gums, teeth, and bone.
Periodontal therapy is a form of treatment that repairs and restores the health of your gums. Periodontal therapy involves both surgical and non-surgical treatments. Scaling and root planing are non-surgical treatments and are performed with a dental laser. Scaling is the process of scraping off tartar and plaque from the teeth’s roots. Root planing involves smoothing the roots. These procedures help remove bacteria that cause the gums to become inflamed and cause gum disease. If non-surgical treatments don’t work, surgery may be necessary. This surgery is typically performed with a dental laser and involves cutting the gums and getting rid of pockets of bacteria.
Ignoring a gum infection can lead to serious health issues. Since gum disease is often painless, many people don’t realize they have a problem. If left untreated, gum disease will spread throughout the body. This can lead to chronic bad breath, tooth loss, and heart disease.
The good news is that with prompt treatment, gum disease can be cured. Whether you have early signs of a problem or have been suffering from gum disease for years, it’s important to get treatment. During your consultation at Noelck & Associates, our dentists in 35392 will carefully examine your gums and teeth. We’ll choose the best treatment method, which could include scaling, root planing, or periodontal surgery.
For periodontal therapy by the best dentists in 35392, please visit our dental practice at 551 E. Plaza Circle STE. C, Litchfield Park, AZ 85340. To schedule a consultation with our dentists, call us at (623) 935-1155 or book your appointment online.